World Alzheimer Day 2020 Why This Disease Occurs Its Symptoms And Prevention

Modesto Morganelli
Settembre 23, 2020

This day is celebrated to understand the importance of talking about dementia and demystify it. Alzheimer's is a progressive disease that causes brain cells to degenerate and die. It has been observed that two out three people worldwide believe that there is little or no understanding of dementia in their countries.

Dementia is a collective name for progressive degenerative brain syndromes which affect memory, thinking, behaviour and emotion. This impact can be physical, psychological, social, and economical.

The impact of dementia on a young person, their lives and those around them can be vast and often debilitating.

Currently, according to World Health Organization, there is no treatment available to cure dementia or to alter its progressive course. A few years have seen an increase in patients with this disease. Dementia is going to be the future global epidemic. Typically its incidence increases with advancing age. There are around one million People With Dementia (PWD) in Pakistan. Hamed Al Sinawi, Snr Consultant Old Age Psychiatrist and Chairman of the Oman Alzheimer's Society.

Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, and it contributes to 60-70 percent of cases. Alzheimer's disease usually presents in the seventh decade of life.

Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, diabetes, hypertension, depression and air pollution are among the 12 risk factors for dementia identified by the medical journal The Lancet's Commission on Dementia in July 2020, along with lower education, traumatic brain injuries, hearing impairment, physical inactivity, low social contact and obesity.

On the other hand, frontotemporal dementia - which younger people with dementia are more likely to suffer from - can initially show up as personality changes, and difficulties in movement, speech, coordination and balance. They were given an insight into recognising behaviours that could indicate that a person has dementia. Research has also linked build-up of misfolded proteins in the gut to the development of Alzheimer's-like symptoms. Now many newer diagnostic tests are coming up but, a lot of them are in experimental stage at present.

For patient with dementia, 90 per cent of them are Alzheimer dementia and vascular dementia. There are both pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods of management. There is no cure for the disease but there are medications that can help slow the progress. Like dementia among the elderly, young-onset dementia can not be cured, only managed. However, non-pharmacological methods play a vital role in managing these behavioural changes. It can be overwhelming for the patients in the way that their careers and families are affected. So spend time with them and talk to them whenever you can.

For more information, read our article on Exercises and activities to prevent dementia.

What can I do as a dementia caregiver? . "Caregivers of people with significant mental illness are at high risk for anxiety, depression and burnout".

"And it takes the guilt and guesswork out of caregiving", Callinan said. There is no harm in seeking help from the treating doctor or even keeping a nurse or a helper just to ease out the burden. A majority of them are unidentified.

What can I do as a citizen?

Dementia, the minister said can cause the function of the brain to deteriorate resulting in difficulty carrying out daily activities.

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